High triglyceride levels can increase the risk of heart disease. Triglycerides are the fat in our blood and work to energize the body. Extra triglycerides are stored for a future date, if needed. Numerous studies suggest that high triglyceride levels increase the risk of heart disease.
Triglycerides form from the end product of digestion and come from the fat and carbohydrates we consume into energy for the body. Triglyceride levels are tested with a lipid panel, which is a similar test to how the cholesterol level is checked.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that high triglyceride levels pose a problem for nearly one-third of Americans. An increase in triglyceride levels has been observed over the last 30 years and yet only 1.3 percent of those with high levels take medication to lower it. This shows that more attention must be given to triglycerides, as high levels can have serious consequences and more should be done to reduce them, especially for those at high risk for heart disease.
Previous Study Shows Triglycerides Role In Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary artery disease is a common form of heart disease, and high levels of triglycerides can help. Studies by the Broad Institute show that reducing triglycerides can be an effective way to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
Sekar Kathiresan, study leader, said, “The key question about these biomarkers over the years Who caused coronary artery disease and which are just an expression of the disease process? The reason this question is important is not the prediction, because biomarkers are useful to predict diseases, whether they are causal or not, the reason why we want to distinguish between these factors is the treatment, we really just want to attack the causes of the disease. ”
LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) has been a well-known factor in heart disease and has been shown to reduce a person’s risk of developing heart disease by supporting statins. HDL, on the other hand, has always been thought of as a factor in reducing heart disease, but no link was found on how HDL can help improve CAD.
The research team has shown 185 variations in genetic coding to be associated with blood lipid traits. Single nucleotide polymorphisms or “SNPs” are inherited from one or both parents.
The researchers then investigated whether SNPs affected the LDL, HDL, triglyceride levels and CAD risk relationship between triglyceride levels and CAD similar to that of LDL and CAD. LDL cholesterol forms plaque along the arterial walls and so the researchers believe triglycerides can work similarly by depositing fat along the arteries.
Kathiresan concluded: “Clinically speaking, one of the ways to prevent a first heart attack or reduce the risk of a second heart attack in someone who already has heart disease to treat patients with drugs that lower levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Some drugs targeting triglycerides are already being tested, and now it’s time to find the right triglyceride lowering mechanism that effectively reduces the risk of disease. ”
Guidelines For Triglyceride Levels
The National Cholesterol Education Program has established guidelines for normal triglyceride levels as follows:
Normal triglyceride levels: below 150 mg/dl
- Borderline high triglyceride ranges : 150 – 199 mg/dl
- High triglyceride ranges: 200 – 499 mg/dl
- Very high triglyceride ranges: 500 mg/dl or higher
- Although cholesterol and fat are vital to the body, it is important to maintain a normal level, as high levels increase the risk of serious health problems, especially of the heart.
Diet cholesterol and triglycerides come from the consumption of red meat and dairy products. When consumed these foods are absorbed through the intestine and distributed through the bloodstream to reach the liver where they are processed. Thus, the liver can develop a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as a high-fat and high-cholesterol diet makes the liver greasy.
It is the job of the liver to deliver up to 75 percent of cholesterol and triglycerides to the body of cholesterol found in the body.
Difference Between Triglycerides And Cholesterol
Although triglycerides and cholesterol are similar in the sense that they are fatty species, they have differences. A single significant difference between cholesterol and triglycerides is the fact that cholesterol is used to create cells and particular hormones in which triglycerides store unused calories and energize the human body.
Another difference is that cholesterol is strongly influenced by the fat that is consumed by diet where triglycerides are affected by total calories. Excess calories are converted to triglycerides and stored when the body needs energy. Things like alcohol and sugary foods can have a bigger impact on the triglycerides.
Tips For Lowering Triglycerides And Increasing Hdl Cholesterol Levels
High LDL cholesterol and triglycerides can trigger serious health concerns and so it is important to raise HDL and lower triglyceride levels to maintain good health. Here are some tips to increase HDL levels and lower triglycerides.
- Cutting Sugar – The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends only five percent of your daily calories come from added sugar
- Increase your fiber intake
- Border Fructose – Fructose is a type of sugar that can contribute to high triglyceride levels
- A Moderately Low-Fat Diet – A moderately low-fat diet has proven to be effective in lowering triglyceride levels as opposed to a strict low-fat diet.
- Pay attention to the fat you eat – there are good fats and bad fats. Avoid saturated and trans-fat fats and consume more monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids such as
- Increase your fish consumption – try sardines and salmon
- Restrict alcohol
- If necessary, take triglyceride-lowering medication and recommended by your doctor
- Quit smoking
- Control diabetes if you have it
By following these tips and working closely with your doctor, you can lower your triglyceride levels and protect your heart.