The amount of energy a person spends during the day depends on the processes of glucose oxidation in the body. The normal adult content varies between 3.2 and 5.5 mmol/l. Highly elevated blood glucose levels indicate serious disturbances in metabolic processes, possible onset of development of endocrine diseases, pathologies of the digestive system.
The causes of permanently and temporarily elevated blood glucose levels
The main factor causes an increase in sugar concentration in the body – malnutrition. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, presence in the products of harmful chemical additives and addiction to “heavy” foods lead to the development of comorbidities:
- Diabetes mellitus;
- acute and chronic pancreatitis;
- Pathology of the kidneys, liver;
- Thyroid disease;
- Disorders of the endocrine system.
Also, a temporary increase in glucose concentration can trigger certain medications, stress, alcohol and other toxic substances.
Signs of high blood sugar levels
Characteristic symptoms of the described condition:
- Dry mouth;
- frequent and abundant urination;
- Worsening the ability of the skin to heal;
- frequent headache;
- Reduction of visual acuity;
- Increased fatigue;
- Presence of boils, purulent pimples;
- insufficient activity of the immune system
If at least 1-2 of these symptoms appear, you should see a doctor.
What to do if blood sugar is increased?
General recommendations for high sugar levels are the proper organization of a diet with restriction of carbohydrate consumption, refusal of bad habits, time allocation for physical activity.
If it has been discovered diseases, accompanied by an increase in the amount of glucose in the blood, you should treat them.